Indonesian Clipping Words (Pemotongan Kata dalam Bahasa Indonesia)

Arti Clipping

Clipping is the word formation process in which a word is reduced or shortened without changing the meaning of the word. For example:

  1. Advertisement = ad
  2. Popular = pop
  3. Politician = pol
  4. Government = govt
  5. Ambulance = ambo
  6. University =uni
  7. President = pres
  8. Veterinarian = vet
  9. Crocodile =croc
  10. Telephone = phone
  11. Situation Comedy = sitcom
  12. Science Fiction = sci fi
  13. Refrigerator = fridge

clipping 2

Clipping = Pemotongan/Pemangkasan/Pemendekan
Adalah sebuah proses pembentukan kata dengan cara memotong atau membuat pendek kata tersebut tanpa mengubah makna katanya.

Biasanya pemotongan ini dibentuk dengan memotong, menghilangkan atau memilah beberapa suku kata (syllable) hingga tersisa menjadi satu suku kata atau maksimum dua suku kata, seperti: gymnasium [gym-na-sium = 3 suku kata] menjadi gym (1 suku kata).

Forming words by clipping usually shortens or reduces some syllables into one syllable at least, or two syllables at most, likewise magazine [ma-ga-zine = 3 syllables] into mag (1 syllable).

Jenis-jenis pemotongan kata (types of clipped words):

  1. Back-clipping (pemotongan bagian belakang)
  2. Fore-clipping (pemotongan bagian depan)
  3. Middle-clipping (pemotongan bagian tengah)
  4. Complex-clipping (pemotongan campuran/kombinasi)

Scrabble

Berikut daftar pemotongan/pemangkasan kata dalam bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian clipping words):

  1. Bapak = pak
  2. Adik = dik
  3. Kakak = kak
  4. Ibu = bu
  5. Kakek = kek
  6. Sobat = sob
  7. Abang = bang
  8. Sayang = say
  9. Cinta = cin (bahkan cyiin)
  10. Terima kasih = trims
  11. Informasi = info
  12. Demonstrasi = demo
  13. Memorandum = memo
  14. Situasi komedi = sitkom
  15. Influensa = flu
  16. Labaoraturium = lab
  17. Perpustakaan = perpus
  18. Dokter = dok
  19. Profesor = prof
  20. Modifikasi = modif
  21. Rekomendasi = rekom
  22. Selebriti = seleb
  23. Otomotif = oto
  24. Komentar = komen
  25. Notifikasi = notif
  26. Konsultasi = konsul
  27. Darah tinggi = darting
  28. Karbohidrat = karbo
  29. Telepon seluler = ponsel
  30. Orisinal = ori

dan masih banyak lagi kata dalam bahasa Indonesia yang mengalami pemotongan atau pemangkasan kata menjadi lebih pendek, terdapat 136 kata sesuai dengan penelitian dalam tautan berikut: http://library.gunadarma.ac.id/repository/view/3752862

Compiled by Ridwan Arifin (c)2016

clipping

References: 
http://www.stgiles-international.com/student-services/english-language-tips/clippings-definitions-and-examples/
http://www.brighthubeducation.com/esl-lesson-plans/59679-forming-new-words-compounds-clipping-and-blends/
http://www.kompasiana.com/gustaafkusno/kata-kata-yang-disunat-dalam-bahasa-inggris_54ff2314a33311e94550f91c
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clipping_(morphology)

Making an Adjective with Suffix -y (Translating Adjective into Indonesian)

In English, you can make an adjective by adding suffix -y after the noun. We have already known some words likewise smelly, cloudy, sleepy, moody, noisy etc. Remember, words in language are very

adjective with suffix

Following are some common adjective words added by suffix -y:

Noun (n) + y = Adjective (adj.)
1. Chewy (kenyal/alot)
Chew (n) + Y = Chewy
Chew (n) = a repeated biting or gnawing of something.
Chewy (adj.)= (of food) needing to be chewed hard or for some time before being swallowed.
Example: Everytime I cook a BBQ with steak the meat is so tough and chewy, that my jaws hurt to eat it.

2. Sticky (lengket)
Stick (n) + y = Sticky
Stick (n) = something resembling or likened to a stick, in particular
Sticky (adj.) = tending or designed to stick to things on contact.
Example: It stucks to me like glue, only with a sticky food.  Stuck to me like the caramel on an apple, caramel on a candy bar, icecream, marshmellow, gum on my shoe, etc.

3. Homey (nyaman seperti di rumah)
Home (n) + y = Homey
Home (n) = the place where one lives permanently, especially as a member of a family or household.
Homey (adj.) =(of a place or surroundings) comfortable and cosy.
Example: Well-worn furniture populated the homey main room, some no doubt the envy of an antique shop.

4. Picky (pemilih)
Pick (n) + y = Picky
Pick (n) = an act or the right of selecting something from a number of alternatives.
Picky (adj.) = very careful in choosing only what they like
Example = The children are such picky eaters.
Big companies can ​afford to be picky about who they hire.

5. Laggy (komputer/ponsel lama bereaksi atau prosesnya lambat/ ngelek/ngeleg)
Lag (n) + y = Laggy
Lag (n) = a period of time between one event and another.
Laggy (adj.) = slow connection of an internet, computer, smartphone.
Example: A laggy computer, internet connection, etc. is slow, resulting in a delay, or lag, in producing an image.

6. Fishy (bau amis)
Fish (n) + y = Fishy
Fish (n) =a limbless cold-blooded vertebrate animal with gills and fins living wholly in water.
Fishy (adj.) = relating to or resembling fish or a fish. Fishy smell.
Example: Upon this, Fleece, holding both hands over the fishy mob, raised his shrill voice, and cried

7. Touchy (sensi/sensitif berlebihan)
Touch (n) + y = Touchy
Touch (n) = an act of touching someone or something
Touchy (adj.) = easily upset or offended; oversensitive.
Example: She’s a little touchy about her age.

8. Showy (kinclong, bersinar, bersih, ngejreng)
Show (n) + y = Showy
Show (n) = a spectacle or display, typically an impressive one.
Showy (adj.) = attracting a lot of attention by being very colourful or bright, but without any real beauty; having a striking appearance or style, typically by being excessively bright, colourful, or ostentatious.
Example: Her ​dress was too showy for such a ​formal occassion. Beautiful showy girl with purple lips in green dress standing near the white curtains in the interior.

9. Handy (penolong, cekatan dalam bekerja, berguna)
Hand (n) + y = Handy
Hand (n) = the end part of a person’s arm beyond the wrist, including the palm, fingers, and thumb.
Handy (adj.) = skillful; convenient to handle or use; useful.
Example: Alex was handy in the kitchen. He is a handyman.

Other words: Shouty, Lossy, Gobby, Mouthy.

References:
http://sentence.yourdictionary.com
PLEASE DON’T SHOUT!

Pelesapan pada Kata Berinisial K,T,S,P

Contoh: Menyukseskan bukan Mensukseskan

Pelesapan/ Peluluhan terjadi pada kata kerja berinisial huruf K,T,S,P (murni) jika ditambah awalan:

Inisial K:
–> kejar = mengejar
–> kawal = mengawal
–> kondisi = mengondisikan

inisial T:
–> tangkap = menangkap
–> target = menargetkan
–> tertib = menertibkan
–> tata = menata

inisial S:
–> sukses = menyukseskan
–> sosial = menyosialisakan
–> sejahtera = menyejahterakan

inisial P:
–> pengaruh = memengaruhi
–> peduli = memedulikan
–> posisi = memosisikan

kecuali kata serapan (tidak mengalami pelesapan) seperti:

-> khusus = mengkhususkan
-> transfer = mentransfer
-> syukur = mensyukuri
-> produksi = memproduksi

Kata Majemuk Bahasa Indonesia

Segitiga bukan Segi tiga

Kata majemuk ditulis serangkai seperti:
” matahari, bumiputra, prasejarah, acapkali; adakalanya; akhirulkalam; alhamdulillah; apalagi*; astagfirullah; bagaimana; barangkali; beasiswa; belasungkawa; bilamana; bismillah; bumiputra; daripada; darmabakti; darmasiswa; darmawisata; dukacita; halalbihalal; hulubalang; kacamata; kasatmata; kepada; keratabasa**; kilometer; manakala; manasuka; mangkubumi**; matahari; olahraga**; padahal; paramasastra**; peribahasa; perilaku*; puspawarna; radioaktif; saptamarga; saputangan; saripati; sebagaimana; sediakala; segitiga; sekalipun; silaturahmi**; sukacita; sukarela; sukaria; syahbandar; titimangsa**; waralaba*; wasalam**; wiraswata*.”

Sumber: Pedoman EYD 1978 dan 2009

Compound Words (Kata majemuk)

A compound is a word composed of more than one free morpheme. 
Kata Majemuk terdiri dari dua atau lebih morfem bebas.

English compounds may be classified in several ways, such as the word classes or the semantic relationship of their components.
Penulisan Kata Majemuk dalam bahasa Inggris selalu serangkai.

Lifetime, moonlight, upside, elsewhere, dsb.

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_compound

Perbedaan ‘Bentuk Ulang’ dan ‘Kata Ulang’

Beda ‘Bentuk Ulang’ dan ‘Kata Ulang’ sebagai berikut:

Bentuk Ulang = (Ling) bentuk yang mengalami perulangan,
seperti sia-sia, laba-laba, biri-biri, kupu-kupu.

Kata Ulang = (Ling) kata yang terjadi sebagai hasil reduplikasi,
seperti rumah-rumah, tetamu, sayur-mayur, dag-dig-dug, berhati-hati

KBBI IV 2008

Salam takzim!

Pebalap Motor atau Pembalap Motor?

Pebalap Motor bukan Pembalap Motor

Untuk orang/ahli/pakar/pelaku kegiatan dan olah raga tidak mengalami perubahan alomorf (variasi bunyi) dan tidak mengalami pelesapan (kata dengan inisial KTSP tidak meluluh).
Awalan Pe- + Nama Olah Raga, Seperti:

Pe + Balap = Pebalap bukan Pe(m) + balap = Pembalap
Pe + Dayung = Pedayung
Pe + Catur = Pecatur
Pe + Biliar = Pebiliar
Pe + Renang = Perenang
Pe + Golf = Pegolf

[t]
Pe + Tenis = Petenis
Pe + Tinju = Petinju bedakan Pe(n)+tinju=Peninju (orang yg memukul bukan profesi)
Pe + Tambang = Petambang beda dengan Pe(n)+tambang = Penambang
Pe + Tembak = Petembak (olah raga) beda dengan Pe(n)+tambang =penambang

[s]
Pe + Selam = Peselam
Pe + Selancar = Peselancar
Pe + Sepak bola = Pesepak Bola
Pe + Silat = Pesilat
Pe + Sepeda = Pesepeda

salam takzim!