Terminolgy of Law in English-Indonesian Version (Istilah Hukum dalam Bahasa Inggris)

The Terminology of Law in English-Indonesian Version

Penerjemahan istilah hukum populer dalam bahasa Indonesia ke bahasa Inggris dan sebaliknya:

The Translation of Popular Legal Terms in English and Indonesian:
  1. Kedudukan Hukum  = Legal Standing
  2. Uji Materil = Judicial Review
  3. Constitutional Review = Uji Undang-Undang Dasar
  4. Peninjauan Kembali/ PK = Judicial Review
  5. An Appeal = Banding
  6. Draf/ Rancangan Undang-Undang (RUU) = A Bill
  7. Tergugat/ Terdakwa = A Defendant
  8. Penggugat = A Claimant/ Plaintiff
  9. Tersangka = A Suspect
  10. Terdakwa = Charged
  11. Pengacara/ Penasehat Hukum = A Lawyer/ Advocate
  12. Minor offences = Tipiring (Tindak Pidana Ringan)
  13. Perbuatan tercela/ penghinaan/Pertentangan hukum = Contempt of court
  14. Justice Collaborator = Saksi pelaku yang bekerja sama
  15. Diskriminasi Positif = Affirmative Actions
  16. Threshold  = Ambang batas
  17. Access to Justice  = Sama rata sama rasa
  18. District Attorney  = Jaksa Wilayah
  19. Jaksa Agung = Attorney General
  20. Mahkamah Agung = Supreme Court
  21. Pelapor Tindak Pidana/Perdata = Whistle blower
  22. Pembuktian Terbalik = Shifting burden of proof
  23. Pengembalian aset tindak pidana = Stolen Asset Recovery
  24. Sidang Senat/ Dengar Pendapat  = Senate Hearing/ Hearing
  25. Undang-undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia = Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia
  26. Undang-undang = Act, Law
  27. Peraturan Pemerintah = Government Ordinance/ Regulation
  28. Keputusan Presiden = Presidential Decree
  29. Keputusan Menteri =Ministerial Decree
  30. Surat Edaran = Circular Letter
  31. Nota Dinas = Internal Memo (Memorandum)
  32. Draf/Rancangan Peraturan = Bill
  33. Amandemen = Amendment
  34. Pasal = Article/ Paragraph
  35. Ayat = Section/ Subsection
  36. Lembaran Negara = State Gazette, Statute Book
  37. Atas nama = PP (Per Procurationem = Bahasa Latin)/ On behalf of
  38. Plh. (pelaksana harian) = acting/ on duty
  39. Plt. (pelaksana tugas) = Ad interim/ Caretaker/ Acting official
  40. SIUP = Letter of Business Permit
  41. NPWP = Tax Registration Number
  42. BAP = Investigation & Interrogation Report
  43. TDP (Tanda Daftar Perusahaan) = Company Registration
  44. RPTKA (Rencana Penempatan Tenaga Kerja Asing) = Expatriate Placement Plan
  45. Akta Pendirian  = Deed Establishment
  46. Akta Lahir = Birth Certificate
  47. Akta Perkawinan = Marriage Certificate
  48. Akta Tanah = Land Title Deed
  49. PPAT (Pejabat Pembuat Akta Tanah) = Land Deed Official
  50. APBN = State’s Budget/ the Budget
  51. HGB (Hak Guna Bangunan) = Building Rights Title
  52. SHM (Sertifikat Hak Milik) = Freehold Title
  53. HGU (Hak Guna Usaha) = Cultivation Rights Title
  54. Pajak Penghasilan (PPh) = Income Tax/ Payroll Tax
  55. Pajak Pertambahan Nilai (PPN) = Value Added Tax (VAT)/ GST = Good & Service Tax
  56. PNBP = Non-Tax Income/ Revenue
  57. Praduga Tak Bersalah = Presumption of Innocence
  58. Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana (KUHP) = Criminal Code
  59. Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Acara Pidana (KUHAP) = Criminal Code Procedure
  60. Hukum Pidana = Penal Law/ Criminal Law
  61. Hukum Perdata = Civil Law
  62. PTUN = A Civil Court
  63. Bebas Bersyarat = Parole
  64. Bebas dengan Jaminan/ Jaminan/ Tebusan = On Bail
  65. Gugatan = Lawsuit/ Claim
  66. Berperilaku tercela dan tidak pantas di Pengadilan = Misbehaving in Court
  67. Tidak mentaati perintah-perintah pengadilan = Disobeying Court Orders
  68. Menyerang integritas dan impartialitas pengadilan = Scandalising the Court
  69. Menghalangi jalannya penyelenggaraan peradilan = Obstructing Justice
  70. Perbuatan-perbuatan penghinaan terhadap pengadilan dilakukan dengan cara pemberitahuan/publikasi = Sub-Judice Rule
  71. Hukuman Mati = Death Sentence/ Death Penalty
  72. Hukuman Seumur Hidup = A Life Sentence/ Life Imprisonment
  73. Pidana Kurungan = Detention
  74. Pidana Penjara = Imprisonment
  75. Praperadilan = Pretrial
  76. Peradilan = Trial
  77. Berlaku surut = Retroactive
  78. Bebas bersyarat = Parole
  79. Orang yg menutupi kasus kejahatan = an accomplice 
  80. AD/ART = Memorandum of Association/ Articles of Association
  81. “…dinyatakan dicabut dan tidak berlaku.” = “…are revoked and ceased…”
  82. “…sampai batas waktu yang tidak ditentukan.” = “…until further notice.”
  83. Diundangkan = promulgated
  84. “Peraturan ini berlaku mulai…” = “This regulation comes into effect…”
  85. Putusan Bebas (Hakim) =Acquittal 
  86. Putusan (Hakim) = Verdict, Judgement 
  87. Eksekusi/Tindakan Pengosongan Rumah/Gedung = Eviction

References :
Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary – 8th Edition 2012.
http://ind.proz.com.
http://dictionary.law.com/

What are Memorandum and Articles of Association?


dan berbagai sumber lainnnya
Last edit: 8 April 2020, translated by Ridwan Arifin

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